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Peru

Flag and coat of arms

RegionSouth America
Form of government
CapitalLima
Area, km21 285 220
Population29 462 000
Population growth, per year362 383
Average life expectancy, years70.15 (m. 68.3, fem. 72)
Population density, ppl./km222.92
Official languagesSpanish, Aymara, Quechua
CurrencyPeruvian nuevo sol
International phone code51
Internet tldpe
Time zoneUTC-5
International organizations participation Peru Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, World Trade Organization, Intergovernmental Council of Countries Exporters of Copper, OECD Development Centre, United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Land borders Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador
Access to the seas and oceans Pacific oceans